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Session on Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav

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Session on Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav

Keynote Speaker 1:Prof. Samir Kumar Pal, Senior Professor, Department of Chemical, Biological and Macromolecular Sciences, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata

Title: Probing Crucial Interfacial Dynamics of Nanohybrids for Emerging Biomedical Functionalities

Abstract:

Nanohybrids are composite of two individual counterparts, interacting at the molecular level exhibiting unprecedented properties than the constituents. The modified properties of the hybrid material have often dictated by the interfacial junction between the two moieties. Thus, it is crucial to understand the various critical interactions present at the interfacial position. The commonly used techniques for structural characterization as electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) or x-ray diffraction (XRD) can only be able to visualize the inorganic counterpart whereas the Fourier transformed infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can distinguish the organic part predominantly. However, there exists necessity to probe the interfacial dynamical properties of the hybrids. There lie the advantages of ultrafast optical spectroscopic methods to envisage the interfacial properties. The junctional charge transfer or energy transfer processes which are the basis of unusual properties in nanohybrids can be rationalized using excited state lifetime measurements. Finally, the nanohybrids depict unprecedented biomedical applications in destruction of infectious diseases, liver diseases and cancer. The talk will be highlighted about various hybrid materials, their interfacial properties using ultrafast spectroscopy followed by enhanced biological activities.
 

Brief Bio-sketch:

Professor Samir Kumar Pal did his PhD in Physics from the Indian Association of Cultivation of Science in 2000. He then worked with Prof. Ahmed H. Zewail at California Institute of Technology till the end of 2003. Currently, Prof Pal is a senior professor at S.N.Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, India. Prof. Pal is a Fellow of INAE and a Member of the Governing Council of INAE. He has received several other prestigious awards and honours to his credit. He has co-authored >340 publications and 7 books, given > 300 invited presentations across the globe, and has >12450 citations, h-index of 55 and i10 index of about 206. He is also a co-inventor of more than 40 patents. He is continuously serving as visiting professor at several places including CALTECH, USA, TU Brunswig, Germany, University Aarhus, Denmark, Durham University, UK, University Leiden, Netherlands etc.

Selected important Publications: see https://bose.res.in/~skpal/pub.htm

 


Keynote Speaker 2: Prof. M.R.Ravi, IIT Delhi

Title: Biomass Gasification – Science, Technology and Applications

Abstract:

Conversion of biomass into clean energy is often achieved by first converting it into a clean gaseous uel and subsequently using it for applications that need a clean fuel, such as internal combustion engines. Biomass gasification is the thermochemical route to such conversion, and has been demonstrated to be a reliable and scalable technology for applications of small to medium sizes – a few kW to a couple of MW. The talk will dwell on the basic science of gasification, and discuss the translation of the science to working technology. In fact, this is another example where technology preceded science – just as in the case of many energy conversion technologies. The talk would throw light on technologies that exist commercially today for biomass gasification for various applications. Fixed bed gasification has been established as a robust technology, and downdraft gasification has been demonstrated to be reliable to generate engine-worthy clean producer gas, as early as during the times of World War II – and perfected in the past 3-4 decades. The talk would discuss design features of downdraft gasifiers, and some work done in simulating such gasifiers done by the author’s group would be presented. The talk would end with the outlook for such technologies to benefit climate concerns such as crop residue-burning in northern India and energy security for village industries.

 

Brief Bio-sketch

Prof. M. R. Ravi is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at IIT, Delhi, where he has been a faculty member since 1996. He obtained his Bachelors in Applied Science from University of Madras and Master of Engineeringand PhD from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Prior to joining IIT Delhi, Prof Ravi held research positions at TU Delft and ChercheurAssocié, Laboratoire FAST, CNRS, Orsay, France and was a faculty member at IIT Bombay. His research areas include Heat Transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Combustion, Biomass energy, Rural energy systems. He is currently involved in a number of projects which include Combustion characteristics of gaseous fuel mixtures, measurement of burning velocity of such mixtures, to investigate the effect of composition and equivalence ratio on burning velocity and stability regimes of flame. Computational simulation of open flames of such mixtures to study the effects of stretch field and preferential diffusion effects on the stability regimes; development and investigation of Biomass Gasification and Combustion systems, with specific interest in small scale (<=20 kW) systems for thermal and electrical applications, and powdery biomass based systems;   Energy Audit of rural industrial systems such as pottery kilns, soap stoves, smithy kilns etc. with an objective of fuel savings in such systems by applying basic principles of heat transfer and combustion.  and development of energy-efficient alternatives for such systems.

 


Keynote Speaker 3: Dr. Mahati Chittem, IIT Hyderabad

Title: Understanding difficulties in performing medical procedures in the hospital setting: A qualitative study

Abstract:

Background: The standard technique for peripheral intra-venous (IV) access (i.e., vein insertion) often results in many cases of difficult trials and multiple needle penetrations, thereby making the process very painful and risky. Consequently, this project at large, is developing a 3D vein viewer to help reduce these difficulties.

Objectives: The behavioural arm of this project aims to explore and determine the reasons for and experiences of difficulties in performing peripheral IV intra-venous from the perspectives of healthcare providers (i.e., physicians, nurses and technicians).

Methods: Practicing doctors’ (n=25), practicing nurses’ (n=25), practicing technicians’ (n=25) were recruited from various hospitals in Hyderabad. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze the data.

Result: Themes includes: (1) difficulties in performing peripheral vein intrusion: reasons for and experiences of performing the IV insertion, (2) managing difficulties: approaches to handle difficulties and ways by which they can be avoided/reduced, (3) role of communication in handling the procedural difficulties and (4) attitudes towards novel technology for vein viewing/IV insertion devices. The Cohen’s Kappa scores was calculated for all themes and there was more than 75% agreement between the coders.

Conclusion: The study findings reveal that healthcare professionals believe that the standard procedure of peripheral vein intrusion was difficult with major issues focused on viewing and accessing veins. A preference for more advanced device that offers better visibility, quick access and makes the process less painful and affordable was strongly suggested.
 

Brief Bio-sketch

Dr.MahatiChittem is an Associate Professor of Health and Medical Psychology at the Department of Liberal Arts in the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, India. Her areas of expertise are in chronic disease management and health behaviours. Within the domain of chronic disease management, she has specialization in psycho-oncology and endocrinology focussed mainly on communication skills (for healthcare providers and patients/caregivers), cultural contexts of care, symptom identification and pathways to care, adherence, and end-of-life issues. Within the domain of health behaviours, she examines the cultural aspects of engaging in dietary, exercise and safe sex behaviours. Along with my research activities, she is a mentor and trains healthcare providers and health organizations to improve their care services. Through her academic and research activities, Dr.Chittem works closely with physicians, engineers, scientists and social scientists. She established and mentored our research group, Health Associated Co-operative and Supportive (HACOS) group, which comprises Master’s, MPhil, and PhD scholars. For further details about my work, you can visit my official website.

 

  

 


 

Keynote Speaker 4: Mr. Rashid, K., Co-Founder & Director at Genrobotic Innovations

Title: Empowering Society Through Technology

Abstract:

Manual scavenging is the world's worst job and one manual scavenger dies every 5 days in India despite the prohibition of Manual Scavenging by the Hon'ble Supreme Court's MS Act 2013 and over 4 million people engaged in manual scavenging as their livelihood in India. The manholes could kill a man within a short time during the cleaning process by releasing the poisonous gases which are trapped inside the sewage waste. Apart from the social atrocities, they are also exposed to different health problems by virtue of their occupation.

This problem can be only solved by technology and thus Genrobotics developed Bandicoot – The world’s first robotic scavenger capable of identifying the blockages inside the manholes and clearing them at a high speed of operation when compared with manual cleaning. The Human comparable innovation works with human-level flexibility inside the manhole which has the potential to change the lives of millions of manual scavengers. The advanced version Bandicoot V2.0 has poisonous gas sensing, automatic sewer line detection, 4 machine vision, wide-angle IR Light sensor cameras, IP 68 machine, smart UI system with self-learning algorithm, and tutorial videos in the local language for the workers to operate the Robot much easier.

 

Brief Bio-sketch

Mr. Rashid is a young Indian Entrepreneur and youth innovator, passionate about science, technology, and social entrepreneurship. He did his B.Tech in Computer Science and MBA in International Business. He spent the last 6 years as an entrepreneur along with technological innovations and developed the World’s 1st manhole cleaning robot ‘Bandicoot’ with a vision to eradicate manual scavenging from the world. Rashid cofounded Genrobotic Innovations, after his stint as a software engineer at TCS.

Genrobotics specializes in design and development of Robotic solutions to address most pressing social issues. Bandicoot Robot is one of the turnkey solution to replace Manual Scavenging with Robotic Scavenging with an impact to benefit millions of lives of manual scavengers around the world.

Mr. Rashid enjoys promoting global sustainability and social service by developing innovative technology for the welfare of mankind. They received many awards including the ET Social Enterprise Award 2021, Young Change Maker of India Award 2020 from Hon’ble Vice President of India, National Startup Award 2020 from Government of India for Best Campus Initiated Startup and Infosys Aarohan Social Innovation Award 2019.

Twitter – https://twitter.com/rashidtky

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